Heterotopic Ossification in Cervical Disk Surgery Is Still a Problem. What Are the Key Factors for a Solution?
David Cesar Noriega, Rubén Hernández Ramajo, Israel Sánchez-Lite, Borja Toribio, Emle Delen, Soner Sahin
World Neurosurgery, December 2016
Background: The aim of our study was to determine the presence of heterotopic ossifications (HO) in a series of patients with cervical disk arthroplasty treated with different type of prosthesis, as well as to analyze the most suitable systems for diagnosis.
Methods: A retrospective study of patients with cervical disk disease treated with cervical arthroplasty between May 2005 and December 2009, was performed. Patients were divided into 3 groups, depending on the prosthesis implanted: (Group A: Baguera prosthesis, Group B: ProDisc prosthesis, and Group C: PCM prosthesis). The presence of heterotopic ossifications was evaluated with both, simple radiology and computed tomography.
Results: As a summary of the results on motion preservation, computed tomography scans showed that 63% of the cervical arthroplasties in Group A presented good mobility at the first check point (December 2010), whereas cervical arthroplasties in Group B and Group C had 74% and 65% severe motion restrictions, respectively (Grade III or Grade IV, according to McAfee classification). The differences between groups were statistically significant when comparing Groups A and B, and Groups A and C (P < 0.05), but there were no differences between Groups B and C (P < 0.05). At the second check point (December 2014), the good mobility was just preserved in the 26% of the disk replacements (all in Group A).
Conclusions: Our results showed that, although cervical disks provide optimal mid-term results, the incidence of HO seems to increase with time. Long term studies, with a larger sample size should be conducted to evaluate the appearance of HO and cervical motion after total disk replacement.
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